Xunantunich ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฟ BELIZE | Must See along the Panama Posse Route

https://oceanposse.com/xunantunich-belize-must-see/

Xunantunich ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฟ BELIZE | Must See

Journeying through the Mysteries of Xunantunich: AN Explorer's Tale

In the heart of Belize's lush jungle, where the air is thick with the scent of ancient mysteries, lies Xunantunich โ€“ a Mayan marvel cloaked in history and legend. As an explorer venturing into the depths of Central America, we find ourselves irresistibly drawn to this enigmatic site, eager to uncover its secrets and experience the whispers of a giant past

Across the hand cranked river ferry and Into the Jungle

We trekked through the sunstrewn foliage of the Cayo District, guidedย  by Gilberto and the promise of adventure and the distant echoes of ancient civilizations. The path to Xunantunich wound through ย  towering trees, each step bringing us closer to the heart of Maya territory.

The Encounter with the Woman in White

Xunantunich was reportedly haunted by the spirit of a woman cloaked in white, who roamed the ruins at night, guarding its sacred secrets. Though skeptics dismissed her as a mere legend, we couldn't shake the feeling that all was being watched.

ย The Ascend of El Castillo

We began the ascent of El Castillo in the mid morning heat, our footsteps echoing against the weathered stone. Each terrace brought us closer to the summit, where panoramic views of the flora stretched out before us like a vast tapestry of history.

From this vantage point, we marveled at the intricate carvings that adorned the pyramid's facade โ€“ scenes of gods and warriors frozen in time, their stories etched into the very fabric of the stone. Amidst the ruins of a once-thriving civilization, we felt a profound sense of connection to the ancient Maya and their enduring legacy.

The Hieroglyphic Stairway

Adjacent to El Castillo stood Structure A-6, its Hieroglyphic Stairway a testament to the Maya's mastery of language and symbolism. Each glyph seemed to whisper secrets of dynasties long past, offering tantalizing glimpses into the rituals and beliefs that shaped their world.

Reflections on Cultural Significance

Beyond the allure of ancient mysteries, Xunantunich held profound cultural significance for the modern-day Maya and the people of Belize. It was a living link to their shared heritage, a reminder of the resilience and ingenuity of those who had come before us.

Xunantunich was more than just a relic of the past โ€“ it was a testament to the enduring power of exploration, discovery, and preservation. Belize is a guardian of this sacred heritage, it is a responsibility to ensure that future generations have the opportunity to experience the wonders of the ancient Maya for themselves, to walk in the footsteps of those who came before and to forge their own connections

We vow to carry the spirit of Xunantunich with me wherever our travels may lead, knowing that the mysteries of the Maya would always beckon, waiting to be explored by those whoย  seek them out.
Xunantunich ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฟ BELIZE | Must See


Museo Nacional de Antropologรญa Mexico City

Museo Nacional de Antropologรญa ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฝย  National Museum of Anthropology, Mexico City

Cultural Richness

  • Diverse Collection: The museum showcases the vast and rich cultural heritage of Mexico's pre-Columbian civilizations, offering insights into the complex societies that flourished in this region.
  • Exploring Ancestral Connections: Many of the civilizations represented in the museum, like the Maya and Aztecs, have historical and cultural links to various sites along the Panama Posse route.

Broad horizons & unique sxperiences

  • Ancient Civilizations: Visitors can gain a deeper understanding of the ancient cultures they will encounter or learn about during their journey.
  • Artifacts and Exhibits: The museum is home to some of the most significant archaeological and anthropological artifacts from Mexico's pre-Columbian heritage, including the Stone of the Sun (often referred to as the Aztec calendar stone) and the Aztec Xochipilli statue.

Xochipilli
Correlation with Panama Posse Route

Heritage Sites

  • Many sites along the Panama Posse route, like those in Central America, are key to understanding the broader history and culture of the region, much of which is represented in the museum.

Enhanced ADVENTURE

  • Maritime Adventure Meets Historical Discovery: The journey offers a unique blend of sailing adventure and cultural exploration. Visiting the museum can provide a historical context that enriches the overall experience.
  • World Heritage Sites: The route includes numerous UNESCO World Heritage Sites, which share a thematic connection with the museum's focus on preserving and celebrating the world's cultural heritage.

WHY VISIT ?

  • Explore the roots of civilizations: "Discover the roots of the ancient civilizations you'll encounter along your journey at the National Museum of Anthropology."
  • Mexico's Cultural Tapestry: "Weave the rich cultural tapestry of Mexico into your maritime adventure by starting with the National Museum of Anthropology."

GALLERY OF IMAGES

 

 

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99 reasons for joining the PANAMA POSSE 23ยท24

ย 99 reasons for joining the PANAMA POSSE 23ยท24

#99

#99 make good & new friends
make good & new friends

#98

#98 catch great fish
catch great fish

#97

#97 discover new shores
discover new shores

#96

unabashedly pet friendly
unabashedly pet friendly

#95

amazing anchorages
with 550+ amazing anchorages

#94

ships of all sizes and pedigree
welcome ships of all sizes and pedigrees

#93

impromptu panama posse parties
Impromptu Panama Posse parties

#92
Organic docks and sustainable surroundings

Organic docks and sustainable surroundings

#91

Stunningly beautiful volcanic coastlines
Stunningly beautiful volcanic coastlines

#90


Witness Mobula rays jumping & shattering

#89

Accurate and vetted anchorage information
Get accurate and vettedโš“info

#88

Watch water trun to glass
Watch water turn to glass

#87

#87 Anchor โš“ between both ends of the rainbow
Anchor โš“ between both ends of the rainbow

#86

#86 Swim like a sloth
Swim like a sloth

#85

#88 Dinghy to a secluded beach - bring dog and umbrella
Dinghy to a secluded beach – bring dog and umbrella

#84

SUNRISE
start your mornings with delightful sunrises

#83

Squirrl Monkey
snuggle up with primates

#82

Pull into welcoming marinas
Pull into welcoming marinas

#81

Don't kiss a red frogย 
Don’t kiss a red frog

#80

Learn how to fly
Learn how to fly

#79

Not all fashion happens in Paris
Not all fashion happens in Paris

#78

Practice your dolphin talk
Practice your dolphin talk

#77

discover the epicenter of serenity
Discover extreme serenity

#76

Claim a remarkable & uncrowded pier
Claim a remarkable & uncrowded pier

#75

Learn to surf in Nicaragua
Learn to surf in Nicaragua

#74

Play survivor from your dinghy
Play survivor from your dinghy

#73

Clean up the environment ith your anchor
Clean up the environment with your anchor

#72

Sail into the Archipiรฉlago de San Blas
Sail into the Archipiรฉlago de San Blas

#71

 Compare the amenities at 75+ marinas
Compare the amenities at 75+ marinas

#70

Hear the Howler Monkey's roar from your anchorage
Hear Howler Monkeys roar from your anchorage

#69

Light a cigar ... in CUBA
Light a cigar … in CUBA

#68

Feel the love at VB10 in Annapolis
Feel the love at booth VB10ย  in Annapolis

#67

 woodfired steaks in Barra
Taste wood fired steaks in Barra

#66
Taste tequila IN Tequila

Taste Tequila IN Tequila

#65

Belize BLue Hole
Learn how to “dive right in”

#64

Become a banana expert
Become a banana expert

#63

Ponder life in paradise
ponder life with palms trees

#62

get into tight spots well informed
get into tight spots well informed

#61

Trick or treat in 80 degrees
Trick or treat in 80 degrees

#60

FIND THE YELLOW FROG FISH
MAKE FRIENDS WITHย  A YELLOW FROG FISH

#59

FIND YOUR INNER CHILDHOOD
FIND YOUR INNER CHILDHOOD

#58
PUTTIN' ON THE RITZ IN ACAPULCO

PUTTIN’ ON THE RITZ IN ACAPULCO

#57

Discover the 7 types of mole
Discover the 7 types of mole

#56

Get up close with swimming dragons
Get up close with swimming dragons

#55

Add "Panama Canal linehandler" to your bucket list
Add “Panama Canal linehandler” to your bucket list

#54
Portobelo

Anchor where historic naval battles were fought

#53

Discover Monkey Island
Discover Monkey Island

#52

Explore arched caves where times stands still

Explore arched caves where times stands still

#51
Participate in new rituals

Participate in new rituals

#49
Get flipped off by a whale

“Get flipped off by a whale

#48
Celebrate your achievements with fellow seafarers

Celebrate your achievements with fellow seafarers

#47

Jump back in time - like 1,500 years

Jump back in time – like 1,500 years

#46

find your dog ... relaxed
find your dog โ€ฆ chillin’ in the sand, in the bar, by the beach

#45

Anchor up river ... in the jungle
Anchor up river … in the jungle

#44

#44 professional haulouts in the tropics with big savings
professional haulouts in the tropics with big savings

#43

#43 celebrate life with the day of the dead
celebrate life with the day of the dead

#42
#42 discover sprawling underground cave systems

#42 discover sprawling underground cave systems

#41

Celebrate your holidays in the tropics
Celebrate your holidays in the tropics

#40

Provision like a pro
Provision like a pro !

#39

learn to really read the water
Learn to really read the water

#38

RIde horses on the beach
Ride horses on the beach

#37

Anchor in Carrizal
Anchor in Carrizal

#36

Slide down a volcano at full sped
Slide down a volcano at full sped

#35

Learn to differ between really good 7 year old rum and really really good 12 year old rum
taste good 7 year old rum & really really good 12 year old rum

#34

7 moles for 7 seas
7 moles for 7 seas

#33

provision up
provision up

#32

#31

#30

#29

#28

#27


BOQUETE ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฆ PANAMA

Boquete, often referred to as a "coffee mountain paradise," is a picturesque town located in the highlands of Panama. It is renowned for its ideal climate, fertile volcanic soil, and lush surroundings, which make it an excellent region for coffee cultivation. The town is nestled in the beautiful Boquete Valley, surrounded by verdant mountains, waterfalls, and abundant flora.

Flowers

In terms of being "set back in the time of happiness," one could interpret this phrase as Boquete's ability to evoke a sense of tranquility, simplicity, and contentment. The town has a slower pace of life compared to bustling urban areas, allowing visitors to immerse themselves in nature's beauty and enjoy a more relaxed atmosphere. This, combined with the charm of the local community, creates a feeling of happiness and serenity.

 

Fincas
Boquete's coffee industry, along with its rustic charm and natural landscapes, contributes to its reputation as a paradise. Coffee plantations dot the mountainsides, offering visitors the opportunity to explore and experience the coffee-making process firsthand. The region's coffee farms often feature picturesque vistas, where one can witness the traditional methods of harvesting and processing coffee cherries.

Boquete

Overall, Boquete can be described as a tranquil and idyllic place, where the natural beauty of the coffee mountains and the warmth of its people create a sense of happiness and nostalgia for a simpler time.


 


PANAMA POSSE ๐Ÿชฃ BUCKET LIST

PANAMA POSSE BUCKET LIST

For sailors, captains, skippers, seafarers, cruisers, and yacht enthusiasts, there are plenty of extraordinary bucket list items for sailors to push the boundaries and offer unique and memorable experiences of a lifetime

Sail the world: Embark on a journey, experiencing different cultures, climates, and breathtaking coastal landscapes.

Visit remote islands: Explore remote and exotic islands that are only accessible by boat, such as the Revelagios Islands, Cocos Island, Galapagos Islands, or Isla del Caรฑo

Sail across an ocean: Set sail across one of the world’s major oceans, such as the Atlantic, Pacific, or crossing the caribben sea during the tradwinds.

Sail through famous waterways and sail through the Panama Canal: Experience the engineering marvel of the Panama Canal by sailing through its locks and traversing the waterway that connects the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.

Navigate without modern technology: Challenge yourself to navigate using traditional methods like celestial navigation or dead reckoning.

Live aboard a sailboat: Spend an extended period living aboard a sailboat embracing the freedom and simplicity of life at sea.

Visit famous ports and marinas: Visit renowned ports like Cabo San Lucas, La Paz, Puerto Vallarta, Barra de Navidad, Zihuatanejo, Acapulco, Playa Cocos, Golfito a.m.o.

Dive or snorkel in a coral reef: Explore vibrant coral reefs around the world, such as the Belize Barrier Reef

Discover underwater wonders: Dive or snorkel in famous dive sites like the Blue Hole in Belize or the Great Blue Hole in Belize.

Sail and Explore the stunning Turks and Caicos Islands: with their pristine beaches, turquoise waters, and vibrant marine life.

Discover the picturesque and unique biodiversity of the Galapagos Islands, observing rare wildlife and exploring the pristine landscapes that inspired Charles Darwin’s theory of evolution.

Visit the Bay Islands Honduras: Discover the Bay Islands of Honduras, including Roatรกn, Utila, and Guanaja, renowned for their crystal-clear waters, coral reefs, and excellent diving opportunities.

Cruise the Costa Rican Coastline: Sail along the stunning coast of Costa Rica, exploring its national parks, wildlife-rich waters, and beautiful beaches.

Explore the San Blas Islands, Panama: Discover the untouched beauty of the San Blas Islands, an archipelago off the Caribbean coast of Panama, known for its white-sand beaches and vibrant indigenous culture.

Sail the Baja Peninsula, Mexico: Explore the stunning coastline of the Baja Peninsula in Mexico, starting from California and sailing down to places like Ensenada, La Paz, and Cabo San Lucas, known for their beautiful beaches, clear waters, and vibrant marine life.

Cruise the Sea of Cortez: Navigate the Sea of Cortez (Gulf of California), a UNESCO World Heritage Site, famous for its diverse marine life, including whales, dolphins, sea lions, and a variety of fish species.

Transit the Gulf of Tehuantepec: Cross the challenging waters of the Gulf of Tehuantepec, located between Mexico and Central America. It’s known for its strong winds and is a significant milestone for sailors.

Discover the Gulf of Nicoya, Costa Rica: Sail along the Gulf of Nicoya, Costa Rica’s largest gulf, which offers beautiful coastal landscapes, tranquil waters, and opportunities for wildlife spotting.

Explore the Golfo Dulce, Costa Rica: Venture into the Golfo Dulce, a stunning bay located on the southern Pacific coast of Costa Rica, known for its pristine rainforests, secluded beaches, and rich biodiversity.

Visit the Pearl Islands, Panama: Discover the Pearl Islands archipelago in Panama, made up of over 200 islands and known for its pristine beaches, clear waters, and excellent fishing and snorkeling opportunities.

Cruise the San Blas Islands, Panama: As mentioned earlier, sail through the San Blas Islands, an archipelago off the Caribbean coast of Panama, known for its white-sand beaches, turquoise waters, and vibrant indigenous culture.

Discover the Gulf of Chiriquรญ: The Gulf of Chiriquรญ, located in western Panama, offers pristine waters, remote islands, and an abundance of marine life. It’s an ideal destination for sailing, snorkeling, diving, and fishing. The gulf is known for its picturesque islands, such as Boca Chica and Isla Parida, with their beautiful beaches and coral reefs.

Visit Coiba Island, Panama: a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is the largest island in Central America and forms part of the Coiba National Park. The island is renowned for its rich biodiversity, including an underwater world teeming with marine life. Snorkeling and diving here offer opportunities to encounter vibrant coral reefs, sea turtles, sharks, and a variety of tropical fish species.

Wildlife Encounters: Both the Gulf of Chiriquรญ and Coiba Island provide opportunities for wildlife encounters. Keep an eye out for dolphins, whales (during migration seasons), and 1000+ bird species. Coiba Island is also home to diverse land animals, including the Coiba Island howler monkey, agoutis, and a variety of reptiles.

Sail alongside whales: Experience the awe-inspiring sight of whales in their natural habitat. Imagine the thrill of sailing alongside these majestic creatures, witnessing their breaching, tail slapping, or even hearing their songs.

Bioluminescent sailing: Venture into bioluminescent waters at night, where the water sparkles and glows with the light emitted by marine organisms. Witness the magical display as your boat leaves a trail of shimmering bioluminescence in its wake.

Sail to remote volcanic islands: Seek out remote volcanic islands such as the Galapagos Islands where you can explore unique ecosystems, witness volcanic landscapes, and encounter endemic wildlife.

Sailing through a gale: For the more adventurous sailors, sailing through a controlled wind event with experienced crew can provide an adrenaline-pumping experience while safely learning about extreme weather conditions.

Sail in The Papagayo winds: are a sailor’s admiralty stripes , offering strong and reliable offshore winds that create acelrated conditions for sailing, windsurfing, kitesurfing, and advanced water sports. These winds provide a thrilling and exhilarating experience as these winds blow consistently, primarily during the dry season from December to April. The Papagayo winds are known for their strength, with gusts often reaching speeds of 35 to 45 knots.

Beautiful Coastal Scenery: While enjoying the Papagayo winds, sailors can soak in the stunning coastal scenery of southenr NIcaragua and northern Costa Rica. Picture yourself sailing along pristine coastlines, palm-fringed beaches, and surrounded by lush tropical vegetation. It’s a feast for the eyes as you sail through this picturesque region.


ALTUN-HA ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฟ BELIZE

Altun Ha ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฟ ย  BELIZE

ย HISTORY

Altun Ha is a rich, major ceremonial center occupied during the Classic Mayan period.ย  The true name of the city is unknown.ย  The name "Altun Ha", literally means "rockstone water" is a rough translation of the name of a nearby village.

ALTUN HA It was an mayor link in the coastal trade routes, and had contact withย  Teotihuacan at an early time in Maya history.

Mounds covered by trees and vines, the remains of what was once a great city, spread out over more than 25 square miles at Altun Ha.ย  Excavations have been concentrated in the central part of the city, with 275 structures in an area about of about one thousand yards square.

ALTUN HA - Belize

EARLY ALTUN HA

Altun Ha wasย  settled long before the Classic Mayan as many as 2,000 years ago.ย  For a Mayan City, the site is unusual.ย  The soil is thin which may indicate that it was a traiding center rather than anagricultural community

Altun Ha

ย 

Thirteen structures surround two main plazas at the site.ย  The two tallest temples, Temple of the Sun God (the structure depicted on Belikin beer bottles) and Temple of the Masonry ALtars, rise 60 feet above the grassy plaza floor.ย  Altun Ha covers an area of about 5 square miles and includes an extensive swamp north of the plazas.ย  It's believed that up to 10,000 people lived here during the Classic period of Maya civilizatin, as late as A.D. 1000.

ALTUN HA - Belize 7
Perhpas Altun Ha's most famousย  Pendergast's discovery of a huge jade headed replica of Kinich Ahau, the Sun God, in 600 and was owned by an elderly priest.ย  At the time of its discovery, this priceless relic was the largest of its type ever recorded in the Maya world - almost 6 inches tall and weighing nearly 10 pounds.ย  On rare occasions this Kinich Ahau repllica is taken on exhibition tours.

Altun Ha jade head Kinich Ahau

LOCATION


LAMANAI ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฟ BELIZE

Lamanai "submerged crocodile" in Yucatec May is a Mesoamerican archaeological site

Lamanai "submerged crocodile" in Yucatec May is a Mesoamerican archaeological site located in northern Belize,
It wasย  a major city of the Maya civilization. The site is pre-Columbian, recorded by early Spanish missionaries, and documented over a millennium earlier in Maya inscriptions as Lam'an'ain.

Lamanai "submerged crocodile" in Yucatec May is a Mesoamerican archaeological site located in northern Belize,
Lamanai is renowned for its exceptionally long occupation spanning three millennia, beginning in the Early Preclassic Maya period and continuing through the Spanish and British Colonial periods, into the 20th century.  Lamanai Jaguar Temple, Mask Temple and High Temple

Unlike most Classic-period sites in the southern Maya lowlands, Lamanai was not abandoned at the end of the 10th century

Lamanai was occupied as early as the 16th century BC. The site became a prominent centre in the Pre-Classic Period, from the 4th century BC through the 1st century CE. In 625 CE.

 

During the Spanish conquest of Yucatรกn Spanish friars established two Roman Catholic churches here, but a Maya revolt drove the Spanish out. Belize


Actun Tunichil Muknal ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฟ BELIZE

Actun Tunichil Muknal ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฟ BELIZE

Actun Tunichil Muknal (the Cave of the Crystal Sepulchre), known as "ATM"ย  is a cave in Belize, near San Ignacio and a Maya archaeological site that includes skeletons, ceramics, and stoneware.

The cave is located in the Tapir Mountain Nature Reserve. The main cave system is about 3 mi ย  long and consists of a long river passage for approximately 2 mi ย  which ends at an upstream sump. A series of upper prehistoric passages continues another mile past the sump through massive breakdown boulders and giant rooms. The cave can be exited through a tight squeeze ending in a giant sink hole collapse in the jungle.

"The Crystal Maiden" a skeleton of a 17-year-old boy possibly a sacrifice victim, whose bones have been calcified to a sparkling, crystallized appearance.

The ceramics at the site are significant partly because they are marked with "kill holes" (holes created to release spirits lurking within),ย  which indicate that they were used for ceremonial purposes. Many of the Maya artifacts and remains are completely calcified to the cave floor. One artifact, named the "Monkey Pot", is one of just four of its type found in Central America.

Actun Tunichil Muknal wiki
The Maya also modified cave formations here, in some instances to create altars for the offerings, in others to create silhouettes of faces and animals or to project a shadow image into the cave. The cave is extensively decorated with cave formations in the upper passages.

cave formations ATM

Animal life in the cave includes a large population of bats, large freshwater crabs, crayfish, catfish and other tropical fish. Large invertebrates like amblypygi and various predatory spiders also inhabit the cave. Agouti and otters may also use the cave.

cave formations ATM
These and many other species are quite common in river caves of this size in Belize.

 

The Belize Tourism Board, in coordination with the Belize National Institute of Culture and History, Institute of Archaeology, has granted licenses to a small group of agents to conduct tours to this cave, in an attempt to balance its protection against tourist revenue.


Revillagigedo Islands

REVILLAGIGEDO ISLANDS ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฝ MEXICO PACIFIC

Revillagigedo Islands | SOCORRO ISLANDย  ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฝ MEXICO PACIFIC

Archipelago in the Pacific Ocean, approximately 235 nm SSW of the tip of the Baja California peninsula and 300 nm WSWย  of Cape Corrientes off Mexico's Pacific Coast.ย  The islands are administered by Colima state, Mexico. Covering an area of 320 square milesย  the archipelago consists of numerous volcanic islands.

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Revilaggio Chart

 

The largest, Socorro, which rises to an elevation of 3,707 feet (1,130 m), is 24 miles (39 km) long and 9 miles (14 km) wide. San Benedicto, 40 miles (64 km) north of Socorro, and Clariรณn, 250 miles (400 km) west of Socorro, are the two other large islands; small islands include Roca Partida, 60 miles (100 km) west of Socorro, and Roca Oneal, just off the northwestern coast of Socorro.

 

Revillagigedo Islands

In 1957 an outpost was established on long-uninhabited Socorro, and trees were planted for timber and fruit. The expedition found about 8,000 sheep on the island, the residue of a temporary Australian settlement of the mid-1800s. The Revillagigedo Islands are rich in sulfur, fish, and guano.

REVILLAGIGEDO ISLANDS ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฝ MEXICO PACIFIC

In July 2016, the Revillagigedo Archipelago was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and in November 2017 they were declared to be a marine reserve and a national park of Mexico. Some of the volcanoes are active, with the last eruption of Volcรกn Bรกrcena in 1953, and Socorro in 1993. A small military airstrip exists on Socorro.
Revillagigedo Islands

No evidence of human habitation on any of the islands exists before their discovery by Spanish explorers. Hernando de Grijalva and his crew discovered an uninhabited island on 19 December 1533, and named it Santo Tomรกs (Socorro Island) and on 28 December they discovered Isla de los Inocentes (San Benedicto) which owed its name to having been found on the day of the Holy Innocents.

San benedicto island

In November 1542, Ruy Lรณpez de Villalobos, while exploring new routes across the Pacific, rediscovered Inocentes and Santo Tomรกs and charted the latter as Anublada ("Cloudy"). Villalobos was the first to report sighting of Roca Partida Island giving it its present-day name. In 1608, Martรญn Yรกnez de Armida, in charge of another expedition, visited Anublada and changed its name to Socorro. In 1779 Josรฉ Camacho was the first to report sighting of the island remaining, that he charted as Santa Rosa ("Saint Rose"). Santa Rosa was later renamed Clarion after the vessel commanded by Henry Gyzelaar at that time.

Humpback whales off the coast of Revillagigedo Islands near Mexico

They offer divers reliable encounters with giant manta rays, whale sharks, dolphins, humpback whales, tuna, pelagic fish and many other shark species.
They offer divers reliable encounters with giant manta rays, whale sharks, dolphins, humpback whales, tuna, pelagic fish and many other shark species.
The Revillagigedo Islands are home to many endemic plant and animal species, and are sometimes called Mexico's "little Hawaii". They are recognized as a distinct terrestrial ecoregion, part of the Neotropical realm. Socorro is the most diverse in flora, fauna, and topography. The Mexican Government established the islands as a Biosphere Reserve on June 4, 1994. Oceanographic Magazine stated in 2020 that, "Its remoteness, protection and peculiar oceanography makes it one of the most biodiverse and exciting marine destinations on earth."
The Revillagigedo Islands are home to many endemic plant and animal species, and are sometimes called Mexico's "little Hawaii". They are recognized as a distinct terrestrial ecoregion, part of the Neotropical realm. Socorro is the most diverse in flora, fauna, and topography. The Mexican Government established the islands as a Biosphere Reserve on June 4, 1994. Oceanographic Magazine stated in 2020 that, "Its remoteness, protection and peculiar oceanography makes it one of the most biodiverse and exciting marine destinations on earth."
Apart from the native birds, migrant shorebirds and others are often found on the islands. Bahia Azufre (Sulfur Bay) on Clariรณn seems to be a favorite stopover location, as it is one of the few longer stretches of beach in the islands; mostly, the shoreline is steep cliffs. The archipelago is also a part of wintering grounds for humpback whales in the North Pacific.

 

Apart from the native birds, migrant shorebirds and others are often found on the islands. Bahia Azufre (Sulfur Bay) on Clariรณn seems to be a favorite stopover location, as it is one of the few longer stretches of beach in the islands; mostly, the shoreline is steep cliffs. The archipelago is also a part of wintering grounds for humpback whales in the North Pacific.


Las Grutas Cacahuamilpa ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฝ MEXICO

Las Grutas Cacahuamilpa ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฝ Guerrero, MEXICO

Las Grutas Cacahuamilpaย  ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฝย  Guerrero, MEXICO
16ยฐ51.0616' Nย ย  099ยฐ48.495' W

PATHFINDER

 

The Grutas de Cacahuamilpa National Park in Guerrero, Mexico, is best known for the Grutas de Cacahuamilpa Caverns, which are one of the largest cave systems in the world. It is also home to the Grutas of Carlos Pacheco, a smaller system, as well as two subterranean rivers which have carved out tunnels in the rock. The park has outdoor pursuit attractions such as rappelling, and rock climbing in Limontitla Canyon as well as the two underground rivers to explore. It also has a small botanical garden, a pool and places to camp. It's near Taxco.


The site is located in the Sierra Madre del Sur mountains in the northeast part of Guerrero state. This section of the Sierra Madre del Sur is made of rock, mostly limestone, which formed under oceans millions of years ago. The caverns extend through the municipalities of Pilcaya, Tetipac and Taxco of Guerrero state over 2,700 hectares of land located southwest of Mexico City, near the silversmithing town of Taxco.


Cacahuamilpa is one of the largest cave systems in the world. A "live" cave system as groundwater still filters down into it, and that the formations there are still growing. Inside the cavern system are ninety large "salons" separated by large natural rock walls and connected to one another via a central gallery. Only about twenty of these are fully explored and open to the public. Most of these salons are located under the Cerro de la Corona, a limestone mountain ridge.

These salons average about forty meters wide, and vary in height from twenty to 81 meters. Most have names which reflect the major formations found in them such as the Goat Salon, the Throne Salon and the Cathedral Salon. All the openings numerous rock formations growing from both the ceiling and the floor. One of the drier salons has been dubbed the โ€œAuditoriumโ€. It has a large flat floor and has been outfitted with seats.

LOCATION

Visiting Las Grutas de Cacahuamilpa, one of the largest cave systems in the world located in the state of Guerrero, Mexico, can be a thrilling and educational experience. Here are some tips to help you plan your visit:

Planning Your Visit

  1. Best Time to Visit:
    • The caves are open year-round, but the best time to visit is during the dry season (November to April) when the weather is more pleasant and the roads are in better condition.
  2. Getting There:
    • By Car: Las Grutas de Cacahuamilpa is about 2 hours from Mexico City. You can take the Autopista del Sol (Highway 95) towards Cuernavaca and then follow the signs to the caves.
    • By Bus: Buses run from Mexico Cityโ€™s southern bus terminal (Terminal de Autobuses del Sur) to Taxco or directly to the caves. From Taxco, you can take a local bus or taxi to the caves.
  3. Entrance Fees:
    • There is an entrance fee to visit the caves. The fee typically includes a guided tour. Check the official website or local tourism offices for the most up-to-date prices.

What to Bring

  • Comfortable Shoes: The tour involves a lot of walking on uneven terrain.
  • Light Jacket: The temperature inside the caves is cooler than outside.
  • Water: Stay hydrated, but note that food and drinks are usually not allowed inside the caves.
  • Camera: Photography is allowed, but flash photography may be restricted to preserve the cave's natural environment.

During Your Visit

  1. Guided Tour:
    • Most visits are conducted as guided tours, which last about 2 hours. The guides are knowledgeable and can provide interesting information about the history and geology of the caves.
  2. Highlights to See:
    • Stalactites and Stalagmites: These impressive formations are a major draw.
    • The Salon del Luchador: A chamber named for its rock formations that resemble a wrestler.
    • The Cathedral: A vast chamber often used for concerts due to its excellent acoustics.
  3. Safety Tips:
    • Stay with your group during the tour.
    • Watch your step as the ground can be slippery.
    • Follow the guide's instructions at all times.

Nearby Attractions

  • Taxco: The nearby town of Taxco is famous for its silver jewelry and colonial architecture. Itโ€™s worth spending a day exploring this charming town.
  • Parque Nacional Grutas de Cacahuamilpa: The surrounding national park offers hiking trails and picnic areas for a day out in nature.

By planning ahead and knowing what to expect, you can make the most of your visit to Las Grutas de Cacahuamilpa and enjoy this natural wonder to its fullest